This wildlife sanctuary is surrounded by 111 villages having more than 70,000 cattle which used to graze in the sanctuary. Therefore, there is heavy pressure on the limited forest resources of this sanctuary. Agriculture is the main vocation of the people. The dependency on forests is high which is primarily for firewood, poles, fencing materials and grazing.
Eco development activities is carried out by the sanctuary through committed NGOs and the local Eco-Development Committees..
- To reduce dependency of local population on the Protected Area by creating alternate source of income.
- To create awareness and attitude for conservation and protection of Forests.
To reduce the dependency and pressure on the protected area, different activities are undertaken to train the local people The following are or few of them.
- Raising of Nursery and planting of required species like bamboos , Casia, Acacia,etc in their back-yards/marginal lands
For such training, assistance of other Government agencies and NGOs having expertise are considered. The EDC and SHG in the peripheral villages are involved for better financial management.
Immunization of live stocks
The pasture land inside the sanctuary as well as in the peripheral villages is not sufficient to cater to the need of the cattle population in these villages. Therefore, they flock the sanctuary and intermingle with the wildlife here. Thus the chances of spread of various contagious diseases particularly Foot and Mouth disease is more. Thus immunization of these cattle population against these diseases are carried out each year to check spread to the sanctuary.
Distribution of fuel and fodder seedlings
To reduce the dependency of wood by local population in the peripheral villages, they are encouraged to raise their fuel wood plantation in the marginal land/village forest land. Free distribution of such seedlings are provided for the purpose. These activities are not confined to the villages around the sanctuary but to the villages in other Ranges to cater to the needs of the cities and villages where demand is more. Creation of Fuel wood lots helps in improving the economic conditions of the people, beside reducing pressure on the sanctuary
Education & Awareness
Meetings are organized at villages /school and college not only in and around the sanctuary but also in near by towns and important centers. Educative literature elucidating methods of conservation and role of village in such conservation programme are disseminating.
Organising Health Camps
Though the area is well connected to centers having better public health / medical facilities, the poverty amongst the villagers do not allow them to avail the same Thus there is a necessity for providing health care to these poor people.Health camps are necessary in the village where both diagnosis, & curative measures are undertaken.